Policy: Powered Industrial Truck (PIT) Operation
|Date: 07/25/05||Policy ID: SEC-026||Status: Final|
|Contact Office:||Environmental Health and Safety|
|Oversight Executive:||Vice President for Research|
Academic Division, the Medical Center and the College at Wise.
|Table of Contents:||
|Reason for Policy:||To prevent injury and damage resulting from the misuse of powered industrial trucks (PITs) through operator safety training and following procedures for safe operations, equipment maintenance and awareness of the work environment.|
|Policy Summary:||All Powered Industrial Truck (PIT) operators shall be educated and trained so that they are proficient in safely operating their assigned PIT.|
|Definition of Terms in Statement:||
Powered Industrial Truck (PIT): Any mobile power-propelled (e.g., electric or fuel) truck used to carry, push, pull, lift, stack or tier materials. PITs can be ridden or controlled by a walking operator. Earth-moving and over-the-road haulage trucks are not included in this definition. Examples of PITs include: forklift trucks, narrow aisle rider trucks, straddle stackers and walking pallet trucks.
Accident Investigation: An investigation of an accident involving a PIT in order to determine the facts that caused or may have caused the accident and subsequent recommendations for appropriate action to prevent a similar accident from occurring.
Certification: Certification requirements include successful training in the fundamentals and operation of the PIT and evaluation of sufficient skills for safe operation upon completion of Supervised Hands-On training. Both criteria must be met before qualification to operate the PIT without supervision. Documentation of the operator’s training and evaluation dates, including the trainer’s name, must be maintained in the operator’s personnel file.
Designated Department Safety Coordinator: The individual designated by the department to: coordinate PIT Operator training, safe operation of PITs and Incident Reporting. This individual will work in cooperation with Environmental Health & Safety (EHS).
Incidents with PITs: Incidents include any unsafe act performed by the operator, all near misses (i.e., passerby or operator could have been injured or property has been damaged) and all accidents involving PITs.
Refresher Training: Certified operators must participate in periodic refresher training to maintain certification that will include updates (internal and regulatory), review of accidents and near misses reported in the last year, operations and equipment issues and a skills proficiency evaluation. Infrequent PIT operators should participate in this type of training annually. Frequent PIT operators will participate in training every three years. Refresher training must be facilitated by a certified forklift Train the Trainer.
Retraining: Mandatory training is required by OSHA if an operator is involved in an incident (near misses and accidents) with a PIT. This training must be targeted to the specific incidence in a sufficient way to prevent the occurrence of similar incidences.
Supervised Hands-On Training: Training on the PIT that is supervised and facilitated by a certified forklift Train the Trainer in order to familiarize the operator on the fuel system, controls and safe PIT operation.Train the Trainer (TtT): The designated department trainer who has the knowledge, training and experience to train others on how to operate safely the powered industrial truck used in the department.
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All PIT operators shall be educated so that they are informed, confident and proficient in safely operating the PIT to which they have been assigned. New (first-time) operators and operators reassigned to a different type of PIT with which they are unfamiliar must receive Supervised Hands-On training. If an operator’s skills are deemed deficient during ongoing evaluations, to maintain certification, Supervised Hands-On training is required to improve the operator's proficiency.
Designated Department Safety Coordinator or department designated forklift Train the Trainer (TtT), manager or supervisor will assist line management and EHS in coordinating all levels of operator safety training; and communicating any significant PIT incidences or trends that have occurred within the department to EHS.
Department heads, management, supervisors and any designated department forklift TtT must provide a safe working environment for employees under their direction. To facilitate providing safe work conditions for designated PIT Operators, department line management must meet all of the following:
Occupational Safety and Health Code of Federal Regulation 1910.178 Powered Industrial Truck Operator Safety Training;
|Major Category:||Safety, Security and Environmental Quality|
|Category Cross Reference:|
|Next Scheduled Review:||07/25/14|
|Approved By, Date:||Policy Review Committee, 07/25/05|
|Revision History:||Updated 9/2/11, 8/28/08.|
|Supersedes (previous policy):||Powered Industrial Truck (PIT) Operation XIV.S.1.|